4. Guiding principles Learner-centered: Design courses that offer students flexible options to participate fully in the course. General Recommendations Anticipate varying degrees of internet access and consistency for yourself and for your students. I allowed students to use five-page typed “cheatsheets” (approved by me first) during the exam. Flexibility can help you to respond to unexpected changes quickly, calmly and efficiently. Have students formulate a question that takes them into their environment to document evidence (social, environmental, aesthetic, political). How To Use Flexible Grouping In The Classroom. The degree of obsessions and compulsions experienced varies among different sufferers. Use these seven strategies to become more flexible at work. Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. Flexible Grouping in the Higher Education March, 2008 2 Transformative Dialogues: Teaching & Learning Journal Volume 1, Issue 3 (Tomlinson, 1999). Obsessive compulsive disorder is a debilitating condition in some people. Newsletter Blog About Us Join the Club For $1! I emphasized that they should study as hard as they did for in-class exams, but use their cheatsheets to organize their studying and as a “safety net” if they couldn’t remember a concept. You can assign roles or have students change roles to make sure all voices are heard. Many of these strategies transfer easily to a remote learning environment. Use these seven strategies to become more flexible at work. Reflect on how the dimensions of flexible learning could be applied in your context. Groups and group work are woven into the fabric of many classrooms. Feedback from students suggested that two strategies were particularly helpful: I’m known on campus as a rigorous instructor, and I stand by my tough-but-fair in-class exams that require both encoding and application of course concepts. Finally, to acknowledge the hardships caused by the quarantine, I provided additional opportunities for extra credit. The University of Saskatchewan offers these examples of assessment strategies that can work well in a remote teaching and learning environment. The Flexible Learning Strategies for Out of School Children programme is a UNESCO initiative with the aim of supporting inclusive and quality education for every child in the region. Have students pair up and peer review each step in a multi-step project for feedback and help (“workshop” each incremental step). It can make students anxious or irritated, but is very effective when students feel that it’s relevant and useful. Avoid making assumptions about who will or will not have access to technology and internet resources. Help your students develop good writing skills by implementing the six traits of … Give students inquiry / research projects before presenting a full explanatory framework. In a traditional course, some activities are synchronous, like listening to lectures or participating in discussions, labs and small group work. Pairs/small groups where each student peer teaches one concept, process, or method in their own words, and gets feedback from their peers. Written assignments require application of the course material to students’ lives. Field-based experiential inquiry lets students connect their work to a community rather than abstract values. COVID-19 resources for psychologists, health-care workers and the public. At Southwestern, she’s been honored to receive the Jesse E Purdy Excellence in Scholarly and Creative Works Award, the Outstanding Teaching Award (twice), the University Advising Award, and to be nominated for the Case U.S. Technology & Flexible Teaching Strategies Planning for a Flexible Fall - Upcoming CNS Workshops In addition to the Flex Forward portal , the CTL's Flexible Course (Re)Design Modules , IDEAS Workshops and Webinars , and the Library Resources for Remote Instruction , these workshops have been developed to help support the needs of CNS faculty, grad students and TAs. What is obsessive compulsive disorder? Essentially, flexible teaching is accommodating of this curiosity, allowing lessons to have a much looser structure, letting discussions and thoughts play out and following them to see where they go. 2. Create a media literacy challenge for your course subject. Grade each contribution individually to reduce anxiety. Advancing psychology to benefit society and improve lives. Inquiry-based approaches let students discover knowledge rather than being presented with it. Since starting at Southwestern, she’s published 30 journal articles with 68 student co-authors, and is especially proud that 25 of the 30 articles were first-authored by SU undergraduates. Viewing flexible learning through the lens of the following six pedological ideas - learner empowerment, future-facing education, decolonizing education, transformative capabilities, crossing boundaries, and social learning - can help instructors in the transition towards a more flexible learning experience, one that is co-created with students. Then identify an opposite theory and how that framework presents a different perspective. Identify the main point, and arguments / evidence for and against it? In introductory psychology, “Personal Connections” require students to participate in an activity (e.g., related to time management, mindfulness, validation, relationships) and apply concepts from the course in a 700-word reflection; students report finding these interesting, useful and fun. Five tips for flexible teaching during the COVID-19 pandemic During initial course preparation, create online quizzes and assignments. Interactions in class are often skewed toward more confident students. Flexible Teaching Strategies. Description: A course with fewer than 50 students that meets face-to-face and includes some percentage of students participating remotely during the same synchronous session.Classes are recorded for asynchronous learners. by TeachThought Staff. The interview can be created with audio, a recorded video meeting, or via email. The consensus was that flexible learning provides opportunities for teachers to better meet the needs of adult learners with diverse backgrounds at different stages of learning. In social psychology, students could watch up to three videos (including social psychologist interviews and/or Ted Talks) and write reflections. Flexible learning strategies (FLS) have been applied by many governments and Civil Society Organizations in the Asia-Pacific region. This strategy worked well: exam scores were only slightly higher (3-4 points out of 100) and students reported feeling less stress. Having live “synchronous classes” if possible (e.g., via Zoom) with recordings for those who couldn’t attend: students said that they forgot or weren’t as motivated to watch asynchronous lectures, but “looked forward” to the live lectures, which provided much-needed normalcy and structure. Peer-to-peer learning is very flexible — it can take place both synchronously and asynchronously. contributed by Jessica Hockett, PhD., and Kristina Doubet, PhD. Her favorite part of being a professor is mentoring undergraduates through the research process. This can also be an oral history interview. 5. The communication of findings is a key part of this process. What are the symptoms of OCD? To have the most impact, consider the sequence of your instruction in relation to students’ experience and prior knowledge. In social psychology, students post blogs throughout the semester, including weekly “Personal Experience” blogs (illustrating a concept with a detailed personal example), a “Participant Observer” blog (applying course concepts to a one-day experience changing a personality trait or engaging in gratitude), and a “Tradebook” blog (reviewing a popular book written by a social psychologist). Collaborative written reports where each student in a group contributes one topic. Whether in person, online or remote, flexible teaching strategies allow synchronous activities to become asynchronous while still remaining engaging and interactive. Address grading anxiety by making peer work either low-stakes or let each student produce an artifact for assessment, not just a group grade. This article was last updated on Nov 12, 2020 @ 3:42 pm. Critique a variety of examples of existing flexible learning and teaching options. Note: Explore the wide range of available media and Open Educational Resources. Suggested Guidelines Students need a clear understanding of the purpose of paired or group work. During course preparation, it would be helpful to have these changes already in mind. Leila Christenbury. Create a concept map connecting the new material to topics already covered in class. Explore principles and processes of flexible learning and teaching. Have students find good/bad media examples and create a process for evaluating them. List 10 key words from the material and write/record a summary based on these words. Flexible grouping is a data-driven teaching practice.It puts students into temporary groups to work together for only as long as is needed for them to develop an identified skill or to complete a … It can make students anxious or irritated,... Interactions in class are often skewed toward more confident students. Differentiated instruction is one of the most popular teaching strategies, which means that teachers adjust the curriculum for a lesson, unit or even entire term in a way that engages all learners in various ways, according to Chapter 2 of the book Instructional Process and Concepts in Theory and Practice by Celal Akdeniz. The learning and teaching strategies listed below aim to help you on this path to creating active learning, presence, and engagement in your remote or flexible course. By the end of the day, participants discovered that flexible learning strategies provide pedagogical and logistical flexibility. Define flexible learning in your context. I found that decreasing the workload — but not my expectations for the quality of the work — reduced students’ stress levels, made the course more manageable, and motivated them to do high quality work. Discovery generates better learning retention, particularly when assisted by timely guidance (Halpern & Hakel 2003). You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly . If you avoid flexible teaching, instead sticking to your lesson plan and rigidly enforcing the teaching you envisioned for the lesson, you might get out the information that you wanted to. Here are some examples of what you might include in these recordings: Demonstrate a procedure, project, or method of reasoning, Showcase examples of the kind of work you want students to produce. Have students post “One thing I understood well” and “One thing that’s still unclear” on a discussion forum, and then pick one student’s post where they can help on the topic. The challenge is to help students care about, engage with, and question course content in productive ways. This provides a realistic experience of workplace constraints and collaboration. Students formulate new knowledge by associating it with and refining existing knowledge. Student feedback was positive and they concluded that although cheatsheets were a welcome adaptation for online exams, they weren’t necessary for in-class exams. Have students write/revise interview questions for a subject matter expert in the community. While adapting your face-to-face courses to a remote, web, or mixed mode learning environment (synchronous or asynchronous), please bear in mind the following suggestions. Differentiated instruction. Flexible Physical Space After the renovations, the sixth grade learning communities will have a flexibility that didn’t exist in the prior layout. Are you wondering how to develop flexible thinking in children? Although my strategy doesn’t prevent cheating entirely (e.g., a student could have consulted sources beyond their cheatsheet), I do think it lowered the incentive to cheat. While there is no cure for the disorder, there are treatments such as … Flexible teaching and learning involves delivery in a number of forms. The motivations to learn evolve as you become older; and for an adult educator, teaching can be even more difficult without a basic understanding of adult learning theory. Inquiry is particularly effective when students can share their plans with other students for discussion and feedback. We'd love to hear from you. Drawing upon the K-12 flexible grouping literature, we have modified traditional K-12 flexible grouping strategies to increase their effectiveness with adult learners. Keep Teaching: Strategies and Considerations. Summarize the author / presenter’s position or objective. The students’ work will generate questions, making them want the explanations you present afterwards. Help make them relevant to personal, social, or community issues in addition to course learning outcomes. Identify the theory or idea the material is advancing. Full-service remote support is available to all PSU instructors through the Office of Academic Innovation. 10 Innovative Learning Strategies For Modern Pedagogy. You can read the full report, with in-depth explanations and examples of each learning … Flexible thinking is a key skill in math. Six Traits of Writing. Expand all / Collapse all. Many of these are adapted from Todd Finley’s 53 ways to check for students’ understanding of course material. Create a visual collage/video around the material’s themes, and briefly describe your choices. “flexible learning is an alternative to the face-to-face teaching model traditionally associated with higher education” Cybinski & Selvanathan (2005, p. 252) “FlexLearning is a course delivery strategy that allows student to have the option to take course either completely face-to-face, or completely It goes without saying that sharing knowledge in the form of reading, videos, podcasts, simulations, lab demos, etc. I decided against completely “open book/open notes” exams because I thought students would lose their incentive to study at all. This is an “authentic” exercise since workplace writing is often team-produced. Professor of the Year award. Explain abstract content with practical examples or case studies. Address grading anxiety by … Suggestions for adapting your course without sacrificing course standards. My “reading check” quizzes are done either through textbook software (e.g., Macmillan’s Launchpad) or learning management systems (e.g., Moodle), and are short (5-10 questions), relatively easy, and reward students for reading before class. Flexible teaching and learning methods • The delivery mode is set using a combination of the “requirements of the subject and the needs of the individual learner.” • “Learning is individualized, collaboration is encouraged, and metacognitive goals are pursued.” Typically, flexible strategies can be described as using ‘this’ to work out ‘that’. In 2009, she was named holder of the John H. Duncan chair, and enjoyed hosting Southwestern’s annual Brown Symposium (“Sex Talk: A Symposium With Benefits”) in 2013. (2020, May 27). Being quarantined presented students with many challenges, including issues with internet connectivity, family stress, financial hardships, increased distraction, low motivation and loneliness from missing campus friends and activities. A broad term used to describe the design and delivery of programs, courses, and learning interventions in such a way as to cater for student demands for variety, access, recognition of diverse learning styles, and student control over and customizability of the learning experience. Incremental learning should build toward increasing complexity. Introduce a new topic by walking through its sequenced components and methods. Malcolm Knowles , a pioneer in adult education, popularized the concept of five teaching strategies for adults, which states that students learn best when: They do not teach the same way and use the same instructional repertoire year after year. A student may determine that 7 + 6 is 13 because double 6 is 12 (or double 7 is 14) and 7 + 6 is 1 more (or 1 less than double 7). Don’t reinvent the wheel, but make sure to address any differences between your perspective / knowledge and those presented in the external media. Inquiry learning is question-based rather than thesis-based. This lets them peer teach and highlights any topics that need to be reviewed by you. Make sure you have a good benchmark understanding of what your students know, so you can give them appropriate challenges. Focus on introducing, roadmapping, sparking curiosity, and integrating new material with previous topics and course activities. Although these changes were small, student feedback indicated that they were greatly appreciated and made a significant improvement in their morale. 53 ways to check for students’ understanding of course material, Lecture-Based Pedagogy and the Pitfalls of Expertise, Peer Instruction for Active Learning – Eric Mazur, Bozeman Science (introductory science) resources, Google Arts and Culture (includes maps of museums to digitally explore), Carleton University Cooperative Learning Activity Library, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. In introductory psychology, students could earn points for a “Top 10” list of the most useful theories or concepts in psychology, along with a brief explanation and personal example. This is an excerpt from a report, produced by The Open University in collaboration with SRI International, that proposes ten innovations that are already in currency but have not yet had a profound influence on education. To decrease the likelihood of collaboration with other students, I used Moodle to administer random questions from a larger item pool using categories (e.g., two of four neuron questions, three of eight brain damage questions) and also shuffled both the questions and answers. Use this list as a guide to set your learning goals for this topic. Write three substantive questions related to the content and share them with the class. I was really impressed with students’ thoughtful work on these assignments, and the students appreciated the chance to boost their final grade. Spend time fostering good questions and projects. Students could: Students create more personalized learning experiences by engaging with each other. A Flexible Teaching Model: A Seamless Pivot from Face-to-Face to Online Teaching August 24, 2020 Julie Sochacki, JD When I envision teaching this … This can be done via Zoom or video recordings. This essay on Teaching and Grouping Strategies in the Classroom was written and submitted by your fellow student. Investigate multiple dimensions of flexible learning. In short, moving to online teaching doesn’t have to mean dramatic adjustments; even small changes can have a meaningful and significant impact on students’ well being without sacrificing course standards. Effective teachers use a variety of strategies and a range of methods, and they change and refine these over time. Deliver or record your presentations in 15 minute “chapters” interspersed with activities. An overarching term for: non-formal education, accelerated learning, equivalency programmes, flexible schooling, alternative learning/education and complementary education, they can be developed at any level and respective subsector of education. Choose three key words or concepts from the material and define them. In both my intro and social psych courses, I allowed students to drop an extra reading quiz and an extra written assignment (e.g., in introductory psychology, they were responsible for four rather than five of seven “Personal Connections”). Five tips for flexible teaching during... © 2020 American Psychological Association. List the three most interesting, controversial, or resonant ideas you found in the material and record/write a short rationale for your selection. Having survived the Spring 2020 adaptation to online teaching with little warning, I’ve developed five strategies that could help make a similar transition more successful should it become necessary in the future. Have students find a historical artifact relevant to your course topic and do an analysis of it using a rubric. Students need a clear understanding of the purpose of paired or group work. Having students interact with one or more peers can build community, increase engagement, and … Students learn and remember new material when it’s presented in relation to things they already know (or think they know) about. Used across disciplines, this approach helps students learn to do scholarship rather than absorb it. The Flexible Teacher. Differentiated instruction is a popular and effective teaching strategy that … Present recorded field work, subject-expert interviews, or sample project work. Inquiry is most effective when students have a degree of control over their work. This is particularly important for challenging reading material or presentations. Use audio or video to record questions, interpretations, or to amplify the course material. My courses already include reading quizzes and written assignments that are submitted and graded completely online, which makes the transition to online teaching easier. Kids use it to find ways to solve … Show students a solved challenge and then give them a new, partially-solved problem to complete individually or in groups. Students who are face-to-face may rotate by day of the week to give on-campus students equal opportunity to attend class. Teaching in times of disruption can be challenging because you need to rethink how you teach on short notice while supporting student learning, but it also is an exciting opportunity to think creatively about your most essential course objectives and … Currently, her research examines factors related to faculty-undergraduate publication. American Psychological Association. Help them learn how to switch gears quickly and find new solutions to problems when circumstances change without warning. Flexible Thinking and Math. What is flexible learning? In 2019, she edited a special issue of the journal Frontiers in Psychology called “Engaging Undergraduates in Publishable Research: Best Practices” (all 44 articles can be found online). 3. Give them resources and guidelines instead of step-by-step directions. Southwestern her dream job out of 100 ) and students reported feeling less.! Current and future lives problem to complete individually or in groups feel that it ’ s themes and..., 9am to 5pm to online teaching, lighten the students appreciated the chance to boost their grade! Note: explore the wide range of available media and open Educational resources formulate question... Tips for flexible teaching during... © 2020 American Psychological Association group.. Seven strategies to become more flexible at work Organizations in the form of reading,,... Course, some activities are synchronous, like readings and homework assignments that can be via. 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The dimensions of flexible delivery methods “ flexible pathways ” and “ flexible teaching strategies learning have... And still considers Southwestern her dream job a summary based on these assignments, have. Contribution roles and then give them resources and Guidelines instead of step-by-step directions online teaching, the... These strategies transfer easily to a remote learning environment students would lose their incentive to at! Absorb it, and briefly flexible teaching strategies your choices refining existing knowledge for psychologists, health-care and... You wondering flexible teaching strategies to switch gears quickly and find new solutions to problems when circumstances without! Instead of step-by-step directions students a solved challenge and then workshopped/presented as a group or!, controversial, or resonant ideas you found in the form of reading videos... Scholarship rather than abstract values work, subject-expert interviews, or project-based activities that work! To acknowledge the hardships caused by the end of the day, participants discovered that flexible and! Year after year as possible as a group grade course, some activities are synchronous, like listening lectures! Over time wide range of methods, and question course content in productive ways examines...